英語長文練習問題集・読解トレーニング

たくさん英語に触れることで、英語は上達します。反対に、触れる時間が減ると、せっかく頑張ってあげてきた英語の能力が低下していきます。

英会話スクールmmm外国人講師の先生による、日本で住んで気づいたことや、海外との違いなどのエッセイを英語でまとめた英語長文練習問題を作りました。最後には、この英語長文のQ&Aとなる練習問題があります。英語レベル的には、英検二級〜準1級、TOEIC500〜600点を目標にしている方向け程度の英語長文練習問題となっています。

参考書や過去問にプラスして要約練習や模擬問題として、定期的に、英語長文練習問題をお届けします。

最初の英語長文練習問題は、カリスマ人気講師ケニー先生が日本に住んでみて気づいたこと、実際に住んでみて、また、観光で訪れた時に感じた日本とは少し違ったということ、その日本と外国とで違うと感じた風習・習慣・常識などについて英語長文練習問題を書いています。

Contents

What’s Bizarre about Japan? 【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検2級・TOEIC500点程度

 When people talk about Japan, they would always think about how innovative and technological this country gets! Or how pretty and neat the country is! Last but not the least, fashion, Cosplay and hype beast were always a big thing in the city of Japan. Coming to Japan with the intention of tourism would have been a great experience. Different culture. You can find a lot of unique things they sell in Japan! But as you live in Japan, you interact with the locals and everything doesn’t seem the way you thought of Japan.

 First thing I would like to discuss is how Japanese people are not flexible. They were taught to follow the rules and orders, which is good at some points but not so good at some points. There are always advantage and disadvantage. For example, when I crossed a small street, there were no cars at all, but people would choose to wait for the red lights to turn green. Since foreigners from all over the world start visiting Japan, Japanese people are much more open-minded. However, only certain elderly people would stare at you if you cross a small street with the red light. Not only about traffic light but customer services aren’t negotiable at times.  We, as a customer need a flexibility. For example, in some restaurants we have our own positions and we are not allowed to take others. It’s great that we could focus more on our own jobs, but as the customers are waiting in lines, we should help out our teammates, but some of the staffs wouldn’t care.

  Second, everybody who has their part-time jobs in a restaurant would have found out by now that Japanese restaurants love wasting all the clean leftover food. For instance, in Japan, they have different kinds of set meals for breakfast, lunch and dinner. As a restaurant, we need to prepare for breakfast, lunch and dinner set meals. If the meal we prepare for lunch hasn’t been sold out yet, the kitchen would definitely throw away all the leftover food after the lunch time ends. Why? Because they would like to have fresh food for the next day, not leftover food. It’s great but why not let us (staffs) eat the leftover stored in the refrigerator? I still can’t figure that out. It’s a waste of food. I know, Japan took really good care of the people so they won’t get food poisoning, but this is too much of a waste.

 Many foreigners/ International students protested but no action being made. Many of us foreigners come to Japan to work and study, not to make a change in the Japanese culture or the laws. Japan is considered as one of the top countries in the world, compared to the country I was born. As Japan has much better laws, and how successfully well-developed Japan is proven, so we might have to learn on how Japanese do their jobs done.

Let’s try

Questions
  1. What are the two examples that the writer mentions as Japanese being not flexible?
  2. What did elderly people do when foreigners crossed the street with the red light?
  3. What does the writer suggest we do when your job at a restaurant doesn’t allow you to take orders from customers?
  4. What surprised the writer about the leftover food when working at a restaurant in Japan?
  5. Which of the following is the closest to the meaning of “bizarre”?
    a) amazing b) strange  c) surprising  d) interesting

 

英語長文練習問題

Answers
  1. People don’t cross the street with the red light even when there are no cars.
  2. They stared at the foreigners.
  3. They should help taking orders when customers are waiting.
  4. The fact that some restaurants throw away the clean leftover food.
  5. b)

 

次の英語長文読解問題は、人気講師ヤシンー先生からの英語長文です。

英語長文練習試験対策

My first train ride【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検2級・TOEIC500点程度

My first train ride

Bicycles, motorcycles, personal cars, taxis, buses, donkeys and horses in the country side are the means of transportation I had ever used in Morocco before I moved to Japan. “Where are the trains, subways, tramways? ” is the question you might be asking yourself right now, right? Well, we do have some railway lines mostly connecting the big cities, so I didn’t have a chance to take a ride as I lived in a little town in the northeast of Morocco.

On the other hand, those trains were and still are so slow and not very punctual. That’s why I didn’t even think of trying them. Now we have the TGV (Train Grand Vitesse: High Speed train) though, so don’t worry if you’re planning to visit Morocco.

November the 2nd 2010 was the day I first stepped my foot in Japan. My wife met me at the airport. It was the time for me to take my first train ride since I was born. It was wonderful because it was my first ride and the scenery from the airport to our destination was astonishing, especially the Autumn colours. I still remember that like it happened yesterday.

A couple of years ago, I went back to Morocco and had a chance to ride a train for the first time, but this time in my home country. It was pretty comfortable but slow as hell.

Do you want to try trains in Morocco? As a Japanese you had better not unless you enjoy suffering hell.  I’m a bit exaggerating, but I seriously don’t like them.

Let’s try!

Questions
  1. Why wasn’t he able to travel by train in Morocco?
  2. What was bad about trains in Morocco?
  3. What part of his train journey in Japan was so good?
  4. What does the word “astonishing” mean?
  5. What is TGV the abbreviation for?
    A) The Good Vehicle. B) To Go Vertical. C) Train Grand Vitesse. D) Trained Government Vehicle.

英語長文読解トレーニング

ANSWERS
  1. He lived in a small town and trains mainly travelled to big cities.
  2. Slow and not punctual.
  3. The scenery with all the Autumn colours.
  4. “Astonishing” means amazing, very surprising or impressive.
  5. C)Train Grand Vitesse. 

 

今回はオーストラリア人のデニー先生からの長文練習問題です。 Let’sTry!

英語長文読解問題

FRIENDSHIP: AUSTRALIA vs JAPAN【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検準一級 TOEIC 700点

Since coming to Japan almost 2 years ago, I have noticed a large difference in interactions and socializing with friends, neighbours etc. There are many different aspects to this and to see how dissimilar the two cultures are in this subject is interesting to observe.

AUSTRALIA: In Australia, after work (usually around 5:30pm) I would call/message my friends and say that I will come over to visit for a few drinks, sometimes a meal with them and vice versa. Most of the time it was no problem and when it wasn’t ok, they would immediately ask if tomorrow is ok to visit them. There was barely any time during weeks where we wouldn’t see friends or neighbours and socialize. After having drinks and most often a meal as well, I would go home and go have drinks with my neighbours. Usually when I went to my neighbours they would have friends or other neighbours that we knew well and would drink and have a BBQ.

On the weekend there would always be the regular visiting friends, having drinks, BBQ and having the TV outside to watch while socializing. This was also the case with neighbours. You would walk to your neighbours, there would be a small to large gathering consisting of other neighbours or their friends and you would go there, start talking, drinking, BBQ, go to the pub together or watch sports on TV. The other thing we would do to each other is tease each other quite a lot but that’s what a normal thing to do as friends was.

JAPAN: I have always loved Japan, its people, food, culture and natural beauty as a country. As I started meeting people, it was a bit difficult being Australian as we are sometimes an overly friendly people in some cases (well maybe to Japanese people). I would meet people and greet them in the normal way I would greet people in Australia. This usually was saying “G’day mate! How are ya! Nice to meet you!” and because it was enthusiastically said, a lot of Japanese people were apprehensive about it. My wife advised me that I need to be not so overzealous with my approach. Anyway, when I contact my Japanese friends or speak to them face to face and say about meeting on the weekend or after work for a drink, they respond with I will message you or pull out their calendar. This happens a lot, then they go on to say how about in 3 weeks’ time or end of next month. It’s a bit like a restaurant but you make a reservation with friends for even an hour of time. It’s quite interesting. I have started forgetting what my friends here look like. I see them and think to myself you look vaguely familiar, do I know you from somewhere? Hahaha.

In finishing, I think that the differences between both Australia and Japan in this respect are quite opposite. I think that we underestimate the importance of friends and making time for them as they are a vital part of who we are and who we should be and I mean that for all people everywhere. Having friends you can see often is huge a benefit to us as people and helps you relax and reset from stresses in everyday life. Make time for your friends as you need them and they need you.

Let’s try!

Questions

1) What aspect is the writer discussing in this article?

2) How often would Australian friends and neighbors meet?

3) What do Australians usually do when they meet?

4) How often would Japanese friends and neighbors meet?

5)In your opinion, why don’t Japanese meet that often?

6)What’s another word for “overzealous?” A: Offensive B: Passionate C: Talkative D: Rude

英語長文練習問題

Answers

1)The difference of how we meet friends between Australia and Japan

2)They meet quite often both during the week and on weekends.

3-They usually have a drink, have a meal or a BBQ, and sometimes They go to the pub and watch sports on TV.

4)They would meet once a month, with arranging in advance.

5)e.g.*) They are busy with work and need to prepare something in order to meet their friends.

6)B

 

 

Kenny先生からの英語長文読解練習問題です。 

Cultural Differences 【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検2級・TOEIC500点程度

Cultural Differences

Today I want to talk about the cultural differences between Indonesia and Japan. Since I’m an International student, as I arrived in Japan back in 2016, the first thing I should do was to apply for an Identification card and to create my own stamp with my name on it.  How cool is that to have your own ID card and your own stamp in Japan!  Foreign/International students in Indonesia don’t really have to bother getting these.  Cultural differences could be interesting and fun although sometimes it could be difficult for some people.  For instance, foreigner or International Students with darker skin would most probably get asked about a theft or ID verification.

First thing I’m going to talk about is how to write your “Signature” in a Japanese and Indonesian way.  As what I have said, it’s really new for me to use stamps.  Back in Indonesia,  only  a president of a company, high ranking officials or  a person in a position of authority  are the ones who usually use stamps.

In japan they call it ( Hanko / Inkan ) and there are 3 versions for different uses:

  • Jitsuincarries the highest legal authority and is required for such dealings as purchasing real estate or automobiles, transferring titles or ownership, taking out a loan, and filing a will.
  • Mitomeinserves for commonplace transactions such as filing application forms at City Hall and receiving packages from delivery services and post offices.
  • Ginkōinis used when opening an account.

In Indonesia, we use our own hand-written signature which is basically a form of our name as a legal mark for administration, bank use and verifying official papers.

Next thing I found quite interesting was at the theater.  When I went to the theater for the first time in Japan, I felt weird.   We all know that Japanese people are very respectful towards people. For instance, staying after the movie to watch all the cast names and crew member names in the movie.  It takes about 10 minutes or more. This does not happen in Indonesia. It may seem selfish but people usually leave the theater as soon as the movie ends.

There are many more cultural differences between the two countries, but I’m afraid I have to end it for now.  See you next month!  I hope you learned something from it!

Let’s try!

Questions

1) In Indonesia who would commonly use stamps for a signature?

2) What kind of signature do Indonesian people use?

3)What is MITOMEIN Inkan used for?

4)What does the writer think about Japanese people’s behavior at a theater?

5)Which do you prefer? Hand-written signature or stamps as your signature?

Why?

Answers (Example answer)

1)A president of a company, high ranking officials or person of authority.

2) Hand-written signature.

3) Mitomein is only for transaction use.

4)The writer felt weird

5)I prefer Stamps.  You don’t need to spend time and energy to write your signature. It is quite simple.

I hope my country will adopt it in the future.

 

TRAFFIC IN NAGOYA【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検準一級 TOEIC 700点

To begin, this may only be isolated to one area, as I frequent where I have noticed this happens on a daily basis. So this is just an observation on what I have seen in person. I am perplexed by how often it happens.

 

On my way to work each day, I frequently walk to the nearby train station. Before the station you cross a main road and walk down a side street towards the station. As you near the station, there is a backstreet that has three crosswalks in front of the underpass. Every time I go to cross, I have to wait for cars to go past before I can cross, none of which slow down even the slightest. On numerous occasions when I first arrived here, I was almost run down.

 

In Australia(not sure about in Japan) pedestrians have right of way and if you don’t allow pedestrians right of way or at least slow down, it can be considered by the law as attempted manslaughter by negligence. We have a monitoring system that has CCTV cameras monitoring the pedestrian crossings to catch people who do not stop if there are pedestrians present. If pedestrians are not present you are still required by law to slow down when approaching a crossing. When it comes to the said crossings that I am referring to here in Nagoya, you never see any police presence in that area to even monitor, if anything maybe once a month at least.

 

When writing this, it is to me a safety concern for all pedestrians who frequent the area as well as for my wife and myself. As I had mentioned in the beginning of this blog, I am merely making an observation on what takes place in this area. Unfortunately I have had this occur a few times in different areas of Nagoya but in this particular area it seems to be very common.

 

Let’s try!

Questions

1)  What is the main subject of this blog?

2)  What happens at these pedestrian crossings?

3)  What is a pedestrian?

4)  What is CCTV?

5)  How often does this happen at these crossings?

6)  Why is it a safety concern?

Answers

1)  Dangerous driving near pedestrian crossings.

2)  Vehicles don’t slow down or stop at the pedestrian crossings.

3)  A person walking.

4)  CCTV – Closed Circuit Television

5)  The drivers could cause serious injury or even death.

6)  The drivers could cause serious injury or even death.

 

次は、ケニー先生からの問題です!チャレンジしてみましょう。

Cultural differences【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検2級・TOEIC500点程度

Back at it again with the cultural differences between Indonesia and Japan! Today I’m going to talk about the “Taste Preferences” between Japanese people and Indonesian people. Well, food is one of the greatest things about life. There is definitely some things that most of us Indonesian can’t eat while we are living in Japan due to the differences in culture.

To begin with, I will start with Indonesia’s history. Indonesia won the 4th place for one of the many islands in a country, approximately 6,000 populated islands of the total 17,508 with more than 300 ethnic groups calling Indonesia home. Many regional cuisines exist, often based upon their original culture and foreign influences. Indonesia has around 5,350 traditional recipes, with 30 of them considered the most important. Indonesia’s cuisine may include rice, noodle and soup dishes to street-side snacks and expensive plates.  Indonesian cuisine often demonstrate complex ingredients and the rich flavors which most often describe as savory, hot spicy and also combination of basic tastes such as sweet, and salty, sour and bitter. Because I love food, I’m very excited to taste all kinds of Japanese food, including raw fish, famous natto(納豆) and etc. I love Japanese food. It’s just that after living here for over a year, I feel like there is less flavor in Japanese food, and everything tastes plain. Most Japanese people have low tolerant of spicy food, but they have two kinds of chilies, shichimi tougarashi and  wasabi.  Shichimi is a crushed dried chili and it’s not spicy for us Indonesian. We can finish a bottle of shichimi, but when it comes to wasabi, most of us can’t stand the strong effect that hit on our nose.

Whereas with Japanese cuisine and inherited tradition, they love to eat fresh food or some variant tastes such as salty, sweet and sour then again they would prefer the natural taste of the food. Keep it in mind too, that they dislike food that contain too much oil in it except for a deep fried food. I will take one of the traditional food in Japan washoku as an example. Washoku contains miso soup, pickles, rice and fish. It’s a complete set to charge up yourself, to start off your day with or even for lunch. The way they place dishes to make it easier for us to eat. This is the impression I get while I’m living in Japan.

There is no end towards food and taste , so before I finish this blog I would like you guys to answer some of my these questions below referred to the above blog.

Let’s try!

Questions

1)  Why are there 5350 traditional recipes all around Indonesia?

2)  Between 5350 traditional recipes, how many of them are being consider as the main recipes?

3)  There are 2 types of chili that are popular in Japan. Which one of them do Indonesian people dislike?

4)  What kind of flavor does the writer think Japanese people prefer?

5)  Do you agree about the taste preference that the writer wrote? Give out your reasons.

 

 

Answers

1)   Because there are 300 ethnic groups in Indonesia

2)  30

3)  Wasabi

4)  Natural taste

5) (Your Opinion)

 

次は、Denny先生 からの問題です!Let’sTry!

HOW I CAME TO LOVE JAPAN【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検準1級・TOEIC700点程度

It all began in Primary School (Elementary School) when we had an exchange teacher come to our tiny school from Japan. When I say tiny school, I mean that it is in a very small country town called Uraidla (means “Lots of rain” in Aboriginal language) in Adelaide, South Australia. Uraidla only had a population of 250 people at that time. She had come to Australia to learn to be a substitute teacher and see how things worked being a teacher in Australia. She taught us a lot about Japanese culture, people and food. We were able to try different Japanese food such as sweets and Okonomiyaki. I loved it. It was so interesting and amazing to me to see how different things are to Australia.

 

Soon after that I began learning Karate, where I was not only taught martial arts but also about different ceremonies, the cultural background of Japan and the many wonders of the country itself. This made me even more interested and excited about Japan as a whole. My parents also showed me a Japanese television program that they used to watch when they were young called The Samurai (Shintaro). I really loved watching that show.

 

After 3 years of doing Karate, I went on to High School where I started learning Judo. I learnt even more about Japan from my Judo instructor who wasn’t Japanese but he had trained in Japan for many years. He too was fascinated by Japan when he was younger. I trained in Judo for about 4 years before I stopped due to having to study so much. I really didn’t want to stop but time was a problem.

 

A year or so later I met a guy who I became really good friends with and he also loved Japan. He asked me if I would like to train with him in Ninja (Ninjutsu). I loved Ninja but I had no idea you could learn it. I always thought that it didn’t exist anymore. So I started training with him in Ninja. It was so good!

Let’s try!

Questions

1)   What does Uraidla mean in Aboriginal?

2)   How many people lived in Uraidla?

3)   When I was learning Karate, what other things did I learn?

4)   Where did I start learning Judo?

5)   What does “fascinated” mean?

6)   What did I love and think was so good?

Answers

1)   Lots of rain.

2)   Population 250 people.

3)  Different ceremonies, the cultural background of Japan and the many wonders of the country itself.

4)   In High School.

5)   Extremely interested in something.

6)   Ninja.

 

 

次は、Kenny先生が、日本とインドネシアの違い(お年寄りへの接し方)についての長文読解です。
ぜひチャレンジしてみましょう!!

Cultural Differences【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検2級・TOEIC500点程度

Have you ever looked at your parents and realized that as you grow older, they are getting older, too?  It depends on each family, how they teach their kids and how they approach their kids. But I’m going to explain it from my point of view on how Japanese people approach their parents and how most Indonesian do.  In my case, I’m being well taught on how to respect the elders, and have some affections to our parents.

Hug and kiss are the ways to show our affections towards the people we love; for instance, girlfriend, boyfriend, husband and wife. Well how about our parents? The people who have raised us and brought us into this world? I do think they deserve the same affections as what we give to our partner equally. I see, listen and talk to my Japanese friends, and they don’t treat the way I treated my parents, not all but most of them. And as I give out questions on their opinions about hugging our parents, their reactions were a bit disgusted. It would be quite unusual, awkward and weird for Japanese people if they have decided to hug their parents. As for my case, it’s the other way around. It would be pleasing to see my parents feel loved, and happy after my siblings and I hug and kiss them on their cheek.

It’s just sad to see a lot of old folks in Japan live on their own and even their kids don’t really care them. I’m pretty sure it’s because of how they treated and taught their children. In 2017, according to the newspaper “The Mainichi”,   20% of the nursing home refuse elderly people requiring level 3 care. In other words, for those elderly who cannot stand up or walk and need full support to go to the toilet, their availability is limited.

Well, from my point of view, we as children are responsible for taking good care of our parents regardless of how troublesome they might be, how annoying they could get, for example; asking the same questions over and over again. Before I end this blog I would like to list out some questions for you.

Let’s try!

Questions

1)   What did the writer find about the reaction he got from Japanese about hugging their parents?

2)   What did the writer find about the reaction he got from Japanese about hugging their parents?

3)   What is the main argument of this blog?

4)   According to “the mainichi” newspaper, what does the nursing home a level 3 care mean?

5)   What does the writer think about the responsibility of children after their parents get old?

Answers

1)   Unusual, awkward and weird.

2)   20%.

3)   Affection towards our parents.

4)   Elderly who cannot stand up or walk and need full support to go to the toilet.

5)   Taking good care of our parents regardless of how troublesome they might be and how annoying they could get.

 

 

次は、オーストラリア出身のDenny先生から「日本とオーストラリアのビール文化の違い」の長文読解問題です。

ぜひチャレンジしてみましょう!!

 

BEER【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検準1級・TOEIC700点程度

When it comes to beer, Australia is very patriotic. We always tend to think our beer is the best in the world and I must admit that I used to be the same. I have tried beers from many countries and Australian beer is good but so many other countries have better beer. I would have to say by far the best beer is from Belgium.

When I was on my way to Japan, I was a little worried about how the beer would be. In Australia we don’t have much opportunity to try Japanese beer and when we do, it is very expensive. The only Japanese beer we have in Australia is Asahi. I do really like Asahi. It’s a nice beer.

After being in Japan and having tried the different beers, I was very impressed at how good the beer is here. My favourite would have to be Suntory Premium Malt, but some of the cheaper beers are very nice as well. I really like the Suntory 8% as it has a sharp flavor to it and also the Kirin Strong 7%.

One thing that surprised me with beer in Japan is that a lot of it is seasonal, which I found a bit strange. We don’t have anything seasonal in Australia except clothing. It’s disappointing when you get to really like a certain beer, and then they stop selling it because of the time of year. If they did that in Australia, there would be a lot of very upset people. Hahaha.

To finish I would like to say that I am very impressed with the beer here in Japan. I think it’s much better than 90% of the beers in Australia and definitely is 100% better than American and British beer. I recommend, if you get a chance to try Kasteel Bier from Belgium (Such a beautiful beer), Coopers beer from Australia, Mythos beer from Greece and Chimay.

Let’s try!

Questions

1)  What was I worried about when coming to Japan?

2)  Where do I think the best beer is from?

3)  What is my impression of Japanese beer?

4)  What is disappointing about beer in Japan?

5)  How much better is Japanese beer compared to most Australian beer?

 
Answers

1)  What was I worried about when coming to Japan?

2)  Where do I think the best beer is from?

3)  What is my impression of Japanese beer?

4)  What is disappointing about beer in Japan?

5)  How much better is Japanese beer compared to most Australian beer?

 

次は、デニー先生の記事です!
オーストラリアではクリケットに次ぐ人気スポーツはオーストラリアンフットボールって知っていますか?
どんなスポーツなのか是非英語記事にチャレンジしてみてくださいね!

AUSTRALIAN RULES FOOTBALL
【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検準1級・TOEIC700点程度

In Australia we have a very unique game played during the winter months called AFL (Australian Football League). It’s not like Rugby and it’s not like Soccer. It originally started as a variation of Gaelic football.

 

Australian football is played on an oval shaped field with four posts at either end of the field. The two in the middle are the tallest posts which is the goals (6 points) and the shorter posts on either side of the goals are point posts (1 point). Each team has 18 players on the field and 4 on the bench. Each quarter is 20 minutes in length with a break between quarters 1 and quarter 2 of 10 mins also the same between quarters 3 and 4. Half time is a 20 minute break.

 

The game starts with an umpire bouncing the ball in the middle and the Ruckman (tallest players on the field) run, jump and tap the ball down to the small midfielders. Players can pass the ball to each other either by hand passing (ball on one hand and the other hand punches the ball to teammate) or by foot (hand directs the ball to the foot).

 

If the ball is kicked and it is caught without it touching the ground (referred to as a mark) the umpire will blow his whistle and the player who caught it can go back and kick or handball it without any player from the opposition allowed to tackle them until they dispose of the ball. Free kicks are given if you are pushed in the back, tackled without having the ball, holding the ball for too long while being tackled, tackled above the shoulders, tackled below the knees just to name a few ways to give away a free kick.

POSITIONS: Full Forward

                     Left and Right Forward Pockets

                     Centre Half Forward

                     Left and Right Half Forwards

                     Centre

                     Left and Right Wings

                     Centre Half Back

                     Left and Right Half Backs

                     Fullback

                     Left and Right Back Pockets

                     Ruck

                     Ruck Rover

                     Rover

                     Bench (x4 players)

 

If you get the opportunity to watch it I highly recommend doing so. It is exciting, acrobatic, action packed, high scoring and fast.

These players play hard and tough and don’t wear any protection. Crazy Aussies we are!

Let’s try!

Questions

1)  Where did Australian football begin?

2)  If the ball goes between the 2 tallest posts, how many points are given?

3)  How long is each quarter?

4)  What’s the name given to the tallest players on each team?

5)  What protection do the players wear

Answers

1)  It originally started as a variation of Gaelic football.

2)  Points

3)  20 minutes each quarter.

4)  Ruckman

5)  No protection at all.

インドネシア出身のKenny先生による日本とインドネシアのお風呂事情の違いについてです!問題にもぜひチャレンジしてみましょう。

Cultural Differences
【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検2級・TOEIC700点程度

 Up until today, Japan still surprised me with the uniqueness that you cannot find in any other countries. Hello guys! Back at it again with me, an Indonesian guy who is trying to adapt and currently on a learning stage in Japan! Today I’m going to share some of my experiences that up until now I still cannot get used to in Japan and vice versa with you.

 The public bath in Japan. It’s a culture  in Japan which is quite sometimes unpleasant for foreigners. It is said that Japanese homes didn’t have bath tubs in the past ,which is why public bath houses were constructed to accommodate the locals who wanted to get soaked and relax in warm water. In modern Japan, where bath tubs are already usual in Japanese homes, public bath houses are still widely available. They are common in traditional houses, dormitories, inns and etc. Japanese public bath houses have also branched out into other varieties such as sauna for relaxation purpose. Not only that, Japanese people also love hot springs!

 For Indonesian, a few people who live in a suburban area are still using wells to shower, or even rivers. But of course in urban area, generally we don’t really use bath tubs, but we have  a shower area, unless for some particularly wealthy people or even people who could afford to buy a bath tub. In Indonesia, we have a lot of active mountains which means, yes, we do have hot springs! The difference is that hot springs in Japan are being well taken care of, while in Indonesia it’s quite dirty. In fact, it’s a good business in Japan, while in Indonesia it is pretty cheap and there is not a single nice and beautiful resorts which is good enough to renovate the hot spring.

Let’s try!

Questions

1)  In Indonesia, which part of area do people still using well to take a shower?

2)  What was the first paragraph talking about?

3)  Why was public bath house constructed in Japan?

4)  What’s the name given to the tallest players on each team?

5) Which part of Indonesia are shower area and bath tubs available?

 

Answers

 

1)  Suburban Area

2)  About public bath in japan

3)  Hot spring in Japan is well taken care of and Indonesia’s one was quite dirty.

4)  To accommodate the locals who wanted to get soaked and relax in warm water

5)  Urban Area

 

次は、DENNY先生が日本で暮らして感じた日本とオーストラリアの文化の違いについての内容です。

CULTURE  AUSTRALIA VS JAPAN
【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検準1級レベル・TOEIC700点程度

I have noticed here in Japan a few differences in behaviours compared to Australia. I would say that they are interesting behaviours and situations more than anything.

First, in Australia when something breaks or isn’t working, most Australians will fix or repair it themselves or at least attempt to. I have noticed here that people just call someone to come and repair it even for the simplest things. In saying that though, Japanese think more about a situation than Australians which just don’t think and just do. Lol.

In Australia we have gas stations, which we call service stations that are like convenience stores here in Japan, but service stations have gas and a range of products like a convenience store here. Our gas stations also have either a Subway restaurant, Café, Bakery or a tobacco store.

One thing you have a lot of here in Japan, but we have very little of is festivals. I was amazed at how many festivals take place here. I haven’t had the chance to go to many, but I really do hope I get a chance to soon. In Australia we are lucky to even have one. I love it how there are so many festivals as it means more socialising. Where I come from in Adelaide, Australia we have 1 festival that goes for 2 weeks which is good, but I think we need more. This festival is an arts festival that involves food, art, stage shows, stand-up, comedians and music acts. Most of these acts are held in parks, bars and theatres. We do have other events, but most are mainly sporting events such as bicycle races, motorsports and horse racing.

Looking at all these differences from both cultures, to me shows that mixing with different cultures means that we all can improve in many different ways. One thing we need to be mindful of though is picking up the negative cultural behaviours, as they can sometimes be learnt too easily.

Let’s try!

Questions

1)  What do Japanese people do that Australians don’t do?

2)  What do gas stations in Australia have and what are they called?

3)  Japan has more what than Australia?

4)  How long does the festival in Adelaide go for?

5)  What do we be careful of when mixing with other cultures?

Answers

1) Think before they do something.

2) In Australia we have gas stations, which we call service stations that are like convenience stores here in Japan, but service stations have gas and a range of products like a convenience store here. Our gas stations also have either a Subway restaurant, Café, Bakery or a tobacco store.

3) Festivals

4) 2 weeks

5)  We need to be mindful of though is picking up the negative cultural behaviours, as they can sometimes be learnt too easily.

 

 

A glimpse to Uzbekistan’s secret underground
【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検準1級レベル・TOEIC700点程度

This year’s June has brought some surprise to the foreign tourists. After a long 40 years of photo ban of Tashkent metro was lifted, never-before-seen images urged many tourists to make their way to the capital city, Tashkent.

Tashkent metro was the seventh to be built in the former USSR, first in Central Asia opening in 1977 has three lines and twenty-nine stations (ten more under constructions). What makes it so special is to be among the most highly decorated in the world. It is also considered to be designated for military uses as a nuclear bomb shelter which demanded strict safety measures restricting civilians from taking pictures. Central Asia’s oldest metro is the masterpiece which platforms never repeat each other’s design. In the first millennium, Tashkent was one of the biggest cities along the Great Silk Road, a crucial port on the ancient trade route from East Asia to the Roman Empire. Its popularity triggered regime changes. The conquest of Arabs during the 7thcenturies led vast amount of Islamic conversion whose influence lasted for more than a millennium but when Russia seized the city in the late 1800, country become more secular stance. Being controlled by various powers gave its fruits in the architecture of platforms. Soviet propaganda Uzbek culture and Islamic architecture are here in pictures.

Let’s try!

Questions

1) How many stations does the Tashkent metro have?

2) Why it used to be prohibited to take a photo of stations?

3) What is special about Tashkent metro?

4) When Tashkent metro opened to public?

5) Where is Tashkent?

Answers

1) It has twenty-nine stations.

2) It is designated for military uses which demanded strict measures.

3) It is one of the most highly decorated in the world.

4) In 1977.

5) Tashkent is the capital city of Uzbekistan in Central Asia

 

Home Sweet Home
【英語長文練習問題】レベル:英検準1級レベル・TOEIC700点程度

No matter where you come from, there are always things you miss terribly when you live in another country. As I have mentioned before in a previous blog, I have loved Japan from a young age, but sometimes you can’t help but feel homesick in many ways. You start to crave food from your country, the lifestyle, friends and family. Even my wife says that she has moments where she really needs to have traditional Japanese food even when she is in Japan. Others here have also told me that they sometimes just must have Japanese food.

For me living in Japan, I really love Japanese food, especially Sushi, Ramen, Okonomiyaki, Shiitake Mushrooms stuffed with meat (so awesome!), Curry Udon, Yakisoba…………the list goes on. I also love Japanese beer and Sake. It’s so…….as we in Australia……. Bloody good! (Very, very good!).

The foods I miss the most from Australia are the huge hotdogs with huge long, thick sausages. They would have toppings on them such as egg, bacon, salami, cheese and onion. Then there were the sauces you could have on them such as Smokey BBQ, Honey Soy BBQ, Sweet Chilli, Mustard, or garlic butter. Next on my list is Fish and Chips. Back in Australia, we used to go to our local, privately owned Fish and Chip shop and for $4.00 AUD (about 450 JPY) you could get a huge amount of hot chips (thick French Fries in Japan) and 3 big pieces of fish in batter. It would be rolled up in paper and we used to tear a hole in the end of it, add vinegar and walk with it and eat. Also, the hot chips in gravy rolls were great from there as well.

In Australia, we also had the privately-owned Pizza Bars, which used to make some of the best pizzas. They always put so much topping on them and always had the best balance of herbs. The biggest size was 28 inches (approximately 70cm), which was awesome. We would invite all our friends over with a few boxes of beer and have a great night.

All in all, it’s just a strange thing that we get so used to our own ways, no matter where we are, and it takes so long to get used to different environments. In saying that, I love it here in Japan and really appreciate the opportunity that I have been given here in Japan. Thank you.

Let’s try!

Questions

1) What is the main topic of the Blog?

2) Which Japanese foods do I really love?

3) Which Japanese foods do I really love?

4) Which Japanese foods do I really love?

5) Which Japanese foods do I really love?

Answers

1) Missing Home

2) Sushi, Ramen, Okonomiyaki, Shiitake Mushrooms stuffed with meat (so awesome!), Curry Udon, Yakisoba.

3) Huge long, thick sausages. They would have toppings on them such as egg, bacon, salami, cheese and onion.

4) Tear a hole in the end of the bag and add vinegar.

5) They always put so much topping on them and always had the best balance of herbs.

Christmas in Japan【英語長文練習問題】
レベル:英検2級レベル・TOEIC500点程度

December is here! And everyone is waiting for 25thDecember to come! Celebrating a wonderful Christmas here in Japan. It’s one of the widely held and biggest events for Japanese people.

Let’s look back to the tradition and history of Christmas. Christmas is both a sacred religious holiday and a worldwide cultural, commercial phenomenon. For two millennia, people around the world have been observing it with traditions and practices that are both religious and secular in nature. Christians celebrate Christmas Day as the anniversary of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth, a spiritual leader whose teachings form the basis of their religion. Popular customs include exchanging gifts, decorating Christmas trees, attending church, sharing meals with family and friends and, of course, waiting for Santa Claus to arrive. December 25–Christmas Day–has been a federal holiday in the United States since 1870.

I came from one of the countries that lies on the equator line unless if you are a Christian, you won’t feel the Christmas atmosphere that much. However, Christmas day has been an essential festival in Japan where it’s being portrayed as followings.

  1. Go on a date.

Christmas Eve in Japan is often thought of as a couples’ holiday, like Valentine’s Day in the West. Japanese couples – especially young couples – like to book dinners at a romantic restaurant, and it can often be hard to find a seatat any restaurant as the number of people spending time with their family has declined.

  1. Admire Christmas Illuminations.

Illuminations are one of the Japan’s favorite ways to celebrate a winter season.

  1. Exchange Gifts.

It has become commonplace for couples to exchange gifts on Christmas Eve, but rarely with anyone else. This may be because Japan has already a gift exchanging custom in December, the Japanese work-culture tradition of Oseibo, when co-workers exchange gifts. Presents are more commonly exchanged for the New Year, which is a much bigger deal in Japan

  1. Eat Strawberry Shortcake

A Japanese strawberry shortcake is light and spongy with whipped cream filling and frosting, which is much less sweet than other cake toppers. This treat is sold as ‘Christmas Cake’ in Japan (although it’s also very popular for birthdays) and is a great way to celebrate the season with family and friends

  1. Go Shopping

Christmas wouldn’t be Christmas without a little holiday shopping, and Japanese malls are no stranger to Christmas décor. During this time of year, traditional trees, ornaments, and goods for sale aimed at the holiday shopper can be found at most major malls and department stores, especially in the big cities.

  1. Visit A Christmas Market

From Hokkaido to Kyushu, Japan hosts European-style Christmas markets throughout the winter season. Find everything from delicate tree ornaments to hot cider.

  1. Dine on Chicken

Kentucky Fried Chicken on Christmas has been a Japanese tradition since the 1970s, thanks to their catchy slogan and marketing campaign.

My own belief about Christmas is no more than a business game. In fact, as you can see, these centuries, cultural events have an impression of being monopolized by business all over the world and theytook advantages of giving gifts customs in this seasonin orderto make an extra profit. Some religious people protest against this “commercializing” of Christmas because they feel that a sacred, holy day is desecrated by it. If you did some research, you will find out that these events and how we celebrate it, have nothing to do with the historical believes.

 

Let’s try!

Questions

1) There are 13 countries lie on the equator line. can you mention 1 of them?

2) According to the article, why is that exchanging gifts in Japan are not uncommon?

3) What does the writer’s belief about Christmas?

4) The word desecrated in the passage above had the closest meaning to

  (a) Honor
  (b) Misuse
  (c)Save

5) According to the article, why is that exchanging gifts in Japan are not uncommon?

Answers

1)

• Sao Tome and Principe 

• Gabon

• Republic of the Congo

• the Democratic Republic of the Congo

• Uganda

• Kenya

• Somalia

• Maldives

• Indonesia

• Kiribati

• Ecuador

• Colombia

• Brazil 

all lie along the Equator Line

2) because Japan already has a December gift exchange of its own, the Japanese work-culture tradition of oseibo, when coworkers exchange gifts.

3) No more than a business game.

4)   (b) Misuse

5) Illumination

Australia Day【英語長文練習問題】
レベル:英検準1級レベル・TOEIC700点程度

On the 26thof January every year we celebrate Australia day. It’s a day all of Australia gets together and celebrates with all people from all cultures living in Australia as one. It’s a celebration of Australia becoming a nation from the time of settlement.

As a tradition, we have a public holiday (national holiday). On the day everyone get’s together with friends, family, neighbours or goes to a local park with the rest of their Community. We have BBQ’s for breakfast, where we have bacon, eggs, sausages, mushrooms and baked beans. Between breakfast and lunch, a lot of the Australian men start drinking (usually alcohol) and talk while preparing for the food for the lunchtime BBQ and the traditional Australia Day cricket match on TV. While this is going on, the women will have coffee, talk, start preparing salads, cold meats and dips for lunch and get ready to watch the cricket. The children are usually running around together and causing trouble.

At lunch we start cooking the BBQ, where we cook sausages, steak, lamb chops (traditional Australian Day meat), kebabs, chicken and vegetables. While we are getting lunch ready, we start watching cricket on TV and continue drinking. Usually for Australia Day it’s very hot, usually between 35 – 44 degrees Celsius, but we still stay outside.

Between lunch and dinner, we play a game of backyard cricket with all the family and continue drinking along with eating snacks. The grand parents usually take a nap before dinner starts.

When it comes to dinner, everyone starts to get the food ready to cook on the BBQ (usually the same food we cooked for lunch) and start getting dessert ready. As usual we continue drinking and watching the cricket.

After dinner a lot of Aussies get ready to go to the city to watch the traditional fireworks display which is almost as big as the New Years Eve fireworks display. Many thousands of people go to the main big parks in the city or to the beaches to watch because it’s still hot at this time of the day. The fireworks are designed to commemorate the foundation of Australia.

Australia Day originally was not a good day in Australian history, which I will explain in detail in my next blog. Recently people have been wanting it changed to the 8thof May due to the nature of the history with the Aboriginal people in the past. Still though for a majority of Australians it’s about acknowledging the past, moving forward and coming together as one people and sharing a great day together.

 

Let’s try!

Questions

1) What’s a traditional Australian food to cook on Australia Day?

2) What date is Australia Day held on?

3) What do we watch on TV during Australia Day?

4) What game do we play with the family in the afternoon?

5) Where do we go in the evening to watch fireworks?

Answers

1) Lamb Chops

2) 26th of January

3) Cricket

4) Cricket

5) The main big parks in the city or the beach.

 

次は、Bek先生による中央アジア~東ヨーロッパまで広範囲で話されているチュルク語についての記事からの問題です!ぜひチャレンジしてみてくださいね。

Turkic languages【英語長文練習問題】
レベル:英検2級レベル・TOEIC600点程度

Whenever the question arises about the dawn of human civilization, answers vary from person to person. But, for me, it was when early hominins [1] started gradually changing their primate communication systems, acquiring the ability to form a theory of other minds and a shared intentionality. It is believed that, around the world, there are 5000 to 7000 Human Languages. Estimates show that one language dies out every 14 days.

Turkic or commonly known Turkish languages are a language family of at least thirty-five documented languages, spoken by the Turkic people of Eurasia from Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and West Asia all the way to North Asia (particularly in Siberia) and East Asia.

 (Turkic Languages-Wikipedia, n.d.)

Hominins a primate of a taxonomic tribe, which comprises those species regarded as human, directly ancestral to humans, or very closely related to humans.

Southwestern (Oghuz)
Southeastern (Karluk)
Khalaj
Northwestern (Kipchak)
Chuvash (Oghur)
Northeastern (Siberian)

[1]Hominins a primate of a taxonomic tribe, which comprises those species regarded as human, directly ancestral to humans, or very closely related to humans.

The number of Turkic speakers is over 200 million. According to one estimate, it is around 2500 years old.

ーーーーーーーーーーーーーーー
[1]The Japonic or Japanese-Ryukyuan language family includes the Japanese language spoken on the main islands of Japan as well as the Ryukyuan languages spoken in the Ryukyu Islands.

Turkic languages show some similarities with the Mongolic, Tungusic, Koreanic, and Japonic[2]languages. Having variety of sounds gives a privilege to Turkic speakers pronounce foreign language words accurately and easily.

Probably, for that reason, as a Turkic speaker, I really find Japanese language easy to learn. Of course, aside from Kanji. Whenever I think about Kanji, Mt Fuji comes to my mind. As Mt Fuji is hard to climb, Kanji is also a dream yet to come true.

ーーーーーーーーーーーーーーー
[2]The Japonic or Japanese-Ryukyuan language family includes the Japanese language spoken on the main islands of Japan as well as the Ryukyuan languages spoken in the Ryukyu Islands.

Let’s try

Questions
  1. Why does the author feel Japanese language is easy to learn?
  2. How many human languages are there?
  3. How many languages are considered to be Turkic language?
  4. According to the author, when is the start of Human civilization?

Answers

1) Having similarities with Japonic languages, the author feels, Japanese language makes it easy to learn

2) 5000 to 7000

3)  At least 35 documented languages

4)  The start of civilization when modern humans started to communicate with each other more verbally

 

 

Climate Change【英語長文練習問題】
レベル:英検準1級レベル・TOEIC700点程度

What is Climate change? Well, I’m pretty sure you guys have heard about it, for example, through human activity. Global warming is one measure of climate change, and is a rise in the average global temperature.Climate change (or global warming), is the process of our planet heating up. The Earth has been warmed by an average of 1°C in the last century, and although that might not sound like much, it means a big issue for people and wildlife around the globe.Unfortunately, rising temperatures don’t just mean that we’ll get nicer weather. The changing climate will actually make our weather more extreme and unpredictable. As the temperatures rise, some areas will get wetter and lots of animals (and humans!) could find they’re not able to adapt to their changing climate. 

A lot of people are still unaware of these climate changes that could affect us in the near future. If we are lucky enough, we won’t have to see what will happen. What I can do best right now is to talk about it and share the knowledge of these battalions that are building a lot of foundations and constitutions in order to encourage people toward helping the environment, wild life and even human beings. One of the biggest constitutions the UN(United Nation) creates is an agenda designed for 2030 for Sustainable Development,adopted by all United Nations Member countries in 2015. This provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet now and into the future. At its heart there are 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which is an urgent call to action by all countries – developed and developing – in a global partnership.

They recognize that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth – all while tackling climate change and working towards world preservation.  Japan held its fifth meeting on June 15, 2018 with 3 following outcomes.

  1. Promotion of society 5.0 that corresponds to SDGs
  2. Regional vitalization driven by the SDGs
  3. Empowerment of next generations and women

In addition, the government of Japan (Goj) headed by Vice Minister, Okamoto, in cooperation with Mr. Yoshimura, Mayor of Osaka, and other wide ranges of organizations including Japan Business Federation (Keidanren), private companies and civil societies, motioned in favor of the  Osaka-Kansai Japan EXPO 2025 and played up Japan’s initiative to promote SDGs.

Questions
  1. What is climate change?

  2. How will  climate change affect us as humans?

  3. What does  SDGs stand for?

  4. How many conclusions or outcomes did Japan come to at the 2018 meeting session?

  5. Where is the Goj going to promote SDGs?

Answers

1) It is a rise in the average global temperature.

2) The changing climate will actually make our weather more extreme and unpredictable.

3) Sustainable Development Goals.

4) 3(three)

5) Osaka-Kansai Japan EXPO 2025.

 

Work-Life Balance Part 1【英語長文練習問題】
レベル:英検準1級レベル・TOEIC700点程度

In today’s social constructs and day to day life, we seem to ignore the issues caused by our hectic lifestyles. These issues are caused by overworking and lack of social interaction outside the confines of the workplace. Having a life outside of work is essential for our physical and mental wellbeing. The instances of health issues due to over the top working hours are right in front of us, but we tend to ignore the harm it causes. When we do notice it, it’s usually too late, so we become reactive instead of proactive. We need to take notice and educate ourselves to be aware of these issues.

 

There are many issues, not just health related but also in the socioeconomic side of things that are detrimental to the population overall. What I am saying when it comes to socioeconomic effects is the time and cost to employers due to absence from illness. There is extra pressure on the health system from illnesses caused by excessive or increased work hours. There is then the problem of hospitals having patients that shouldn’t be there because the problem could have been avoided by being aware. It also means that the people that really need the hospital to find it difficult to get treated. The costs then rise and those costs are passed on to the taxpayer.

Next, we need to look at the issue of increased work hours and its effect on other areas of the economy. Increasing work hours means that the customer service and retail industry lose valuable revenue due to fewer hours to spend money from the customer. This not only affects the economy but also customer service and retail businesses. Consumers need to spend money to increase economic growth.

As we all know populations are getting older and the birth rate is dropping, that, in turn, causes major economic pressure. Without having more social interaction and increasing work hours, we are only adding to the trouble and it will only get worse if we ignore it. It can be fixed.

Questions
  1. What does ‘Physical and Mental wellbeing’ mean?

  2. What causes these problems?

  3. What do consumers need to do to help the economy grow?

  4. How is the aging population and the drop in the birth rate going affect the economy

  5. What does ‘detrimental’ mean?

 

Answers

1) Safe, sheltered and overall good health.

2)  Increased work hours and little rest.

3) Spend more money.

4) Economic pressure will increase.

5) To cause harm.

 

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